Types of Operating Systems

An operating system is the single most important software when you run a computer, it is what takes care of pretty much everything on a computer system, while the majority of computers we see happen to be using one ‘type’ of operating system performing the same functions, operating systems can be branched into several different types as well. It’s been a while since I’ve shared a fairly technical post on Computer Realm so I guess today would be a good day for one.

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  • Batch Processing Operating System

In a batch processing operating system interaction between the user and processor is limited or there is no interaction at all during the execution of work. Data and programs that need to be processed are bundled and collected as a ‘batch’ and executed together.

Batch processing operating systems are ideal in situations where:

– There are large amounts of data to be processed.

– Similar data needs to be processed.

– Similar processing is involved when executing the data.

The system is capable of identifying times when the processor is idle at which time ‘batches’ maybe processed. Processing is all performed automatically without any user intervention.

  • Real-time Operating System

A real-time operating system processes inputs simultaneously, fast enough to affect the next input or process. Real-time systems are usually used to control complex systems that require a lot of processing like machinery and industrial systems.

  • Single User Operating System

A single user OS as the name suggests is designed for one user to effectively use a computer at a time.

  • Multi-Tasking Operating System

In this type of OS several applications maybe simultaneously loaded and used in the memory. While the processor handles only one application at a particular time it is capable of switching between the applications effectively to apparently simultaneously execute each application. This type of operating system is seen everywhere today and is the most common type of OS, the Windows operating system would be an example.

  • Multi-User Operating System

This type of OS allows multiple users to simultaneously use the system, while here as well, the processor splits its resources and handles one user at a time, the speed and efficiency at which it does this makes it apparent that users are simultaneously using the system, some network systems utilize this kind of operating system.

  • Distributed Operating System

In a distributed system, software and data maybe distributed around the system, programs and files maybe stored on different storage devices which are located in different geographical locations and maybe accessed from different computer terminals.

While we are mostly accustomed to seeing multi-tasking and multi-user operating systems, the other operating systems are usually used in companies and firms to power special systems.

About the author

Luke

is a Software Developer and the main writer behind Computer Realm.

39comments
i cant understand ur comment. - January 26, 2010

ple enlight me on components, types and kinds of operating system

Reply
    Tisha Osuch - August 28, 2018

    Aw, this was an extremely good post. Taking the time and actual effort to make a top notch article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never manage to get anything done.|

    Reply
John - February 28, 2010

I would like u guys should update me on types of operating system e.g macshitosh,unix,linux. And further more basic and day to day update on computer.thanks

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Roland A. legaspi - March 4, 2010

I would like to know some new operatinf application and system so that I my self be update’s in new technology

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Gidi save - January 24, 2011

I will to know if i can remove xp and install a new operating system

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    rajendran - July 1, 2011

    my system is slow process. what the problem?

    Reply
muthu - January 27, 2011

ssssssssssssuuuuuuuuuuupppppppppeeeeeeeer

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yadav galam - March 14, 2011

very usefull for users very implement for the operating systems

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EBERECHI OKORO - May 2, 2011

Your article is nice but you should endeavor to add references too,thank
you

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piyush - May 12, 2011

article is nice
very gud explanation …..
so simple language easy to learn…

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Pragya - June 7, 2011

not bad……… it should not be in so brief

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Lokesh - June 8, 2011

this is very informative, accurate and easy to understand

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    Faheem - August 10, 2011

    Please give me model question paper

    Reply
aparna - June 10, 2011

wat are the different types of operating systems?

please give me the suitable answer

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Vivek - June 14, 2011

Too good

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sanooj - June 15, 2011

good

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SALU MICHAEL - June 23, 2011

ANY BODY CAN CHAT WITH ME TO GIV MORE EXPLAIN ON BIOS

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    rajendran - July 1, 2011

    what is bios setup

    Reply
angel camille ong - June 27, 2011

nice one….thank you!!

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nishanth - June 28, 2011

wat r d different types of operating systems?
plz answer me tis question……

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    Faheem - August 10, 2011

    Please give me answer

    Reply
reena - July 4, 2011

soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo guddy guddy very nice

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charan - July 7, 2011

thanks for the info.. It was very helpfull for me..

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prabhu goooood - July 11, 2011

goodddddddddd

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hinal mehta - July 21, 2011

very nice article

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dhananjay pandey - July 23, 2011

it is being very useful for my exam time

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dhananjay pandey - July 23, 2011

thanks for this comment ………………………………………..g.m.

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mohammed zuheb - July 26, 2011

its simple and easy to understand..

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K.Prashanth Reddy - July 29, 2011

its good but 2 length
thanks

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sandeep dhillon - August 4, 2011

its very easy and understand

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    sandeep dhillon - August 4, 2011

    i very happy for this os type

    Reply
jeevitha - August 5, 2011

thanks its very useful

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kaustubh - August 7, 2011

very easy and lucid explanation.
thanx

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shashikumar - August 7, 2011

simply super

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yamini - August 9, 2011

plz tell me somethng about desktop, main frame, distributed, multiprocessor,network,clusstared,handheld operating system

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mehanaz - August 11, 2011

good to read

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mehanaz - August 11, 2011

useful to know about the operating systems

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kulveer kaur - August 17, 2011

gud explanation

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kyle buko pie - September 6, 2016

amazingly awesome very informative!!

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